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Mrs. Vicki Owen, RN

434-946-2898 ext.30870
Classes Taught: 
Intro. Health & Medical Careers; Health Assisting Careers



COURSE DESCRIPTION:  Intro to Health & Medical Careers is a full year long non-clinical course that provides a back ground into  the history of health care, health care facilities, trends, insurance, laws and ethics, and an overview of a variety of health careers, job classifications, and the educational training required.   Guest speakers from the community will be invited to share information about their careers and work experiences

.GOAL:   to give students the opportunity to learn more about the healthcare system and the many jobs available...ultimately using that knowledge to decide if the health care industry is a good fit for their career goals!

GRADING:  60% Mastery ( tests, projects) / at least 1 weekly grade

                    40% Measure of progress   (participation, daily assignments, note taking, clinical skills,                                class discussions, student effort and attiitude) / at least 1 weekly grade




Instructor:  Vicki Owen, RN


Course Description:

This is a year-long clinical course offered to juniors and seniors enrolled at Amherst County High School, and governed by the Va. State Board of Nursing. Limitations of the Board mandates no more than 10 students per instructor/class.                                                                           

Students will complete a minimum of 120 hours of instruction including 40 hours of direct clinical care at Fairmont Crossing in Amherst. Students will acquire and practice hands on skills reaching proficiency in a lab setting prior to clinical work with the geriatric population.


After completion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate required competencies using safety and infection control principles.

  2. Demonstrate understanding of the nurse assistant’s role in the long-term care setting.

  3. Discuss the nurse assistant’s role in caring for diverse client populations.

  4. Explain professional, legal, and ethical guidelines related to the nurse assistant’s scope of practice.

  5. Demonstrate understanding of the client’s basic rights in the healthcare setting.

  6. Discuss the importance of collaborating with the healthcare team including the client and the client’s support persons.

  7. Describe the nurse assistant’s contributions in providing holistic, compassionate, and quality patient care.


The successful completion of this course will render the student eligible to take a written and skills exam to obtain licensure as a certified nurse assistant through the Va. State Board of Nursing.

Failure to complete the requirements of the class and/or clinical hours satisfactorily, (including attendance and professional behavior) will result in inability to take the licensure exams. Individual attendance and direct care clinical hours are required prior to licensure testing.  Amherst High School pays for this certification test of $140.


Topics Covered in this Course:

  1. The commonwealth of Virginia has regulations governing certified nurse aides under the Virginia board of nursing title of regulations: 18 VAC 90-25-10 et seq. Statutory authority: 54.1-2400 and chapter 30 of title 54.1

  2. Curriculum content: the curriculum shall include, but shall not be limited to, classroom and clinical instruction in the following...

  3. Initial core curriculum. Prior to the direct contact with a nursing facility client, a student shall have completed a total of at least 24 hours of instruction. 16 of those hours shall be in the following five areas

    1. Communication and interpersonal skills

    2. Infection control

    3. Safety and emergency procedures, including dealing with obstructed airways and fall prevention

    4. Promoting client independence

    5. Respecting client’s rights

  4. Basic skills

    1. Recognizing changes in body functioning and the importance of reporting such changes to a supervisor

    2. Measuring and recording routine vital signs

    3. Measuring and recording heights and weight

    4. Caring for the client’s environment

    5. Measuring and recording fluid and food intake and output

    6. Performing basic emergency measures, AHA CPR, first aid and AED (adult, child, and infant)

    7. Caring for a client when death is imminent

  5. Personal care skills

    1. Bathing and oral hygiene

    2. Grooming

    3. Dressing

    4. Toileting

    5. Assisting with eating and hydration, including proper feeding techniques

    6. Caring for skin, to include prevention of pressure ulcers

    7. Transfer, positioning, and turning

  6. Individual client’s needs, including mental health and social service needs

    1. Modifying the aide’s behavior in response to the behavior of clients

    2. Identifying developmental tasks associated with the aging process

    3. Demonstrating principles of behavior to be reduced or eliminated

    4. Demonstrating skills supporting age-appropriate behavior by allowing the client to make personal choices and by providing and reinforcing other behavior consistent with the client’s dignity

    5. Utilizing the client’s family or concerned others as a source of emotional support

    6. Responding appropriately to the client’s behavior, including, but not limited to, aggressive behavior and language

    7. Providing appropriate clinical care to the aged and disabled

    8. Providing culturally sensitive care

  7. Care for the cognitively or sensory (visual and auditory) impaired client

    1. Using techniques for addressing the unique needs and behaviors of individuals with dementia (Alzheimer’s and other)

    2. Communicating with cognitively or sensory impaired clients

    3. Demonstrating an understanding of and responding appropriately to the behavior of cognitively or sensory impaired clients

    4. Using methods to reduce the effects of cognitive impairment

  8. Skills for basic restorative services

    1. Using assistive devices in transferring, ambulation, eating, and dressing

    2. Maintaining range-of-motion

    3. Turning and positioning both in bed and chair

    4. Bowel and bladder training

    5. Caring for and using prosthetic orthotic devices

    6. Encouraging the client in self-care according to the client’s abilities

  9. Client’s rights

    1. Providing privacy and maintaining confidentiality

    2. Promoting the client’s right to make personal choices to accommodate individual needs

    3. Giving assistance in resolving grievances and disputes

    4. Providing assistance necessary to participate in client and family groups and other activities

    5. Maintaining care and security of the client’s personal possessions

    6. Promoting the client’s rights to be free from abuse, mistreatment and neglect and the need to report any instances of such treatment to the appropriate staff

    7. Avoiding the need for restraints in accordance with current professional standards

  10. Legal and regulatory aspects of practice as a certified nurse aide

    1. Consequences of abuse

    2. Neglect

    3. Misappropriation of client property

    4. Unprofessional conduct

  11. Occupational health and safety measures

  12. Appropriate management of conflict


Textbook: Dugan, Diana L. (2016) Nursing Assisting: A Foundation in Caregiving.  Hartman. 4th Edition


Supplies Needed:

  • Poster Board for each 9 weeks project

  • Class notebook and a 2 pocket folder for clinical information

  • Black ink pens and small, spiral memo pads for clinical use  (must fit in scrubs pocket!)

  • 2 sets of nursing scrubs (at least) ; maroon, grey, or black; solid white or black nursing shoes ( preferably washable) 

  • Watch with a second hand  (may not use smart watches)                                                                                                                                                                                               

  • * If long hair, must use ponytail holders or clips to keep hair back and or up (hair can not be falling in         work field)    

* Photo ID must be worn to clinical

*STRONGLY suggested (but Optional) : stethoscope and blood pressure cuff for home use practice



Instructional Methods:

  1. Lecture and powerpoints

  2. Vocabulary and workbook assignments

  3. DVD’s

  4. Hands on practice

  5. Guest speakers

  6. Skills practice

  7. Peer presentations

  8. Internet Research


Clinical Grading: satisfactory or unsatisfactory, see handout of expectations.

Classroom Grading: see ACHS grading scale:

60%  Mastery of Content: (tests, projects, clinical evaluation skills proficiency)....minimum 1 grade per week

40% Measure of Progress:  (class participation, daily assignments, skills lab practice, class discussions, student effort/attitude)..... minimum 1 grade per week

Late work :  points will be deducted

Missed work must be made up in collaboration with instructor.

Failure to make up missed work will result in a grade of zero.

Each Fairmont clinical equals 1 to 1.5 hours towards the minimum 40 hours that is required by the Va. State Board of Nursing for successful completion of the program. Clinicals SHOULD NOT BE MISSED unless discussed with instructor.  Students must wear appropriate clinical clothes, shoes and photo ID. Students not meeting dress code may not be allowed to participate in clinicals depemding upon the infraction.

There will be no Fairmont clinical if school is 1 or 2 hours late for inclement weather.

Attendance is very important to achieve the clinical requirements of the course. Please make non-emergency appointments on non-clinical days.  

 April and May will be used for exam review and preparation for licensure testing.


No student cell phones will be allowed on your person at clinicals. If emergency please contact Fairmont (946-2850) Fox Run Unit or ACHS (434-946-2898 ext 30146 office, room 146A)


*****The Amherst County Public Schools Board of Education provides equal academic age opportunity for all students and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex or disability in its programs and activities, as required by Title VI, Title VII, Title IX, and Section 504. Mr. Josh Neighbors is the division’s Section 504 Coordinator and Jim Gallagher, Director of Human Resources, is designated as the Compliance Office responsible for assurances of non-discrimination. Josh Neighbors and Mr. Gallagher may be reached at the following address: PO Box 1257, Amherst, VA 24521, and telephone number (434) 946-9386. Ms. Hollie Jennings is the Division Discipline Supervisor and is responsible for the fair and equitable implementation of the Division’s discipline policies. She can be reached at the following address: 219 Trojan Lane, Madison Heights, VA 24572, telephone number (434) 528-6485, and e-mail The school system is committed to providing a learning environment which reflects the racial, gender and cultural diversity of our county and the children we serve. We are dedicated to equality of opportunity.     


Revised 8/10/21 by VO

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